|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication:||2001|
|Journal:||Canadian Field Naturalist|
During six summers, I observed "standing over" (SO) and "hugging" in a pack of wild Wolves (Canis lupus) habituated to me. In SO, one Wolf positions its groin above a recumbent Wolfs nose. I observed SO among all yearling and older Wolves for 1-180 seconds (X? = 69 ¬®¬± 46 S.D.; N = 16). SO appeared to be primarily female-oriented and may inform each Wolf of the reproductive status of the other. I observed "hugging$ five times and only during years when food competition was minimal.
"Standing over and "hugging" in wild Wolves, Canis lupus "